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1997考博英语地大

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1997考博英语地大

  CHINA UNIVERSITY OF GEOSCIENCES

  PhD Entrance Examination in English

  May 1997

  LISTEN TO THIS!

  Good morning! You are about to take the English test for people who wish to enter the doctoral program in the earth science at this school. The test may be rather different from any exam you’ve taken in the past. The first two parts are timed listening exercises. The remaining three sections test grammar, elementary writing skills, basic vocabulary and reading ability. You can have as much time as you wish for last three parts of the test – within reason, of course.

  The test has 130 points in all (the answer in part 5 count two points each). The answers for parts 4 should be written directly on the test paper.

  Make sure you read and follow the directions for each part of test!

  The results of this exam will enable us to compare your preparation in English with that of the other candidates. The “passing” grade is relative; in other words, it will depend on the scores for the whole body of test-takers. You should just relax and do as well as you can.

  We shall now begin. Turn the page to part 1. Good luck!

  PART 1. On your paper you see a list of 48 objects (= things) from everyday life. You will hear short descriptions of 15 of these objects. After listening to each description, decide which object is being described. Then write the number next to your choice in the appropriate space on your answer sheet.

  For example, suppose you hear this: ”Object P is a device for cleaning clothes. You fill it with water, add soap, then the dirty clothes, and turn the control dial. The clothes will be swirled round and round in the soapy water, first in one direction, then in the other, Usually there is also a compartment that you can use to spin the excess water out of the clothes. ” You decide that object P is a washing machine. You look for WASHING MACHINE on your list. You see that number next to WASHING MACHINE is 46. You then write “46” next to P on your answer sheet,(Your actual answer sheet only goes as far as the letter O).

  You will now have three minutes to look over the list of objects.

  +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  1. AIR CONDITIONER 17 FORK 33 SCISSORS

  2. ALARM CLOCK 18 GUITAR 34 SCREWDRIVER

  3. ARMCHAIR 19 HAMMER 35 SPOON

  4. BED 20 LIGHTBULB 36 STOVE

  5. BICYCLE 21 MIRROR 37 TABLE LAMP

  6. CAMERA 22 MOP 38 TAPE RECORDER 1

  7. CANDLE 23 MOTORCYCLE 39 TELEPHONE

  8. CAR 24 PAGER 40 TELEVISION

  9. CARPET 25 PERSONAL COMPUTER 41 THERMOMETER

  10. CHOPSTICKS 26 PHONOGRAPH 42 THERMOS BOTTLE

  11. COMB 27 PHOTOCOPIER 43 TYPEWRITER

  12. DESK 28 PIANO 44 VACUUM CLEANER

  13. DOORKNOB 29 RADIATOR 45 VCR

  14. ELECTRIC FAN 30 RADIO 46 WASHING MACHINE

  15. FAX MACHINE 31 RAZOR 47 WATER HEATER

  16. FLASHLIGHT 32 REFRIGERATOR 48 WRISTWATCH

  PART 2. On your test paper you see 15 groups of letters and numbers. They are arranged in Rows form left to right and in COLUMNS up and down. You will hear a question about each group. Write your answer in the appropriate space on the answer sheet. Your answers should be as short as possible; a number, letter or word or a few of these are enough. Do not write whole sentences.

  Listen to the questions carefully. You will hear them only once, and then you will have 20 seconds in which to mark your answer. Before you begin, look at this example:

  A B 1 2 C D E F 4 5

  N 5 4 P 3 Q Z Z A B

  Suppose you hear this question: ”How many letters are there in the upper row?”

  You observe that there are six letters in the top row (A,B,C,D,E,F), so you write 6 in the space on your answer sheet, You don’t write a whole sentence, just the number 6.

  You will now have two minutes to read these instructions again. Make sure you understand them clearly.

  Now let’s begin.

  1)

  R F Z 3 5 L -1 X 20 F negative, postive

  B 7 M N Q 4 6 R 5 15

  2)

  5 9 B -4 F W J 6 2 T

  H C B -3 8 A 10 6 B T

  2 9 B X 5 N J 6 Q 7

  3)

  J K L L J K L A J K

  S V A T B E V T S E

  4)

  B 7 M N Q 6 R 5 D A

  R F Z 3 5 L -1 X 20 F

  2

  5)

  3 K N W D D W T L G

  J 5 4 A 6 F 7 S 2 4

  X W K K B 9 K B 5 Y

  6)

  A B C A X B A A B A

  B B A A B C C A M N

  A A T S B A F S T C

  7)

  H -4 T 8 8 R A 7 E 5

  C H 5 2 I N 6 6 A -3

  8)

  F Y I E L D W O R K

  W R E S E X A R C H

  Z Z S U R V E Y T U

  9)

  A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 F 5

  F F 5 G G 6 H H 7 7

  X 8 X 9 Y 2 Z Z X 8

  10)

  B -11 4 7 M -4 5 3 O L

  11)

  81 59 43 40 31 27 15 9 2 -5

  12)

  G L 7 3 X 8 J Q 6 14

  J I H G F E D C B A

  13)

  F O R E T Y N A T E

  H E O P G Y S I C S

  14)

  10 17 3 24 9 8 -4 7 0 5

  15)

  G X 5 A 7 F -2 M 4 P

  2 P 9 F -5 B C 8 D L

  4 Q -3 T 4 S -7 U 6 N

  PART 3.Each question in this part consists of one or more sentences in which four words or phrases are underlined. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked

  A.B.C.D. Decide which one of the four parts is not good English. Then write the letter under that part in the proper space on your answer sheet.

  3

  If the four underlined parts are all good English (in other words , if there is no error in the sentence), then write E in the space.

  REMEMBER: You have FIVE possible choices – A.B.C.D or E (= no error).

  1.

  2. He is afraid that otherwise he what he buys.

  3.

  4.

  5. One of Hangzhou cookery is history, Hangzhou cuisine a Han Dynasty text

  6.

  7. There’s and I said, “You don’t eat meat, do you?” She replied,”meat .No true Buddhist should.”

  8.

  9. Recently stems from the poor software we are using.

  10. What is 4

  11. At one point during the film some people the theatre suddenly started to make a lot of noise. they were

  12. does not bear his name,

  13. don’t

  14. in a recent book by Professor Georgii Sokolov of St

  15.

  16.

  17. that the e-mail this morning our research fund.

  18. and you return to Canada.

  19. Our director is in the Takli Makan this summer we

  20. I remember the first time I visited Taishan. My classmate and I climbed the

  PART 4.The sentences below contain one or more blanks. Write one appropriate word in 5

  each blank. There may be several appropriate choices, but you must write only one. Your choice must be logical, grammatically correct and properly spelled. In other words, it must be acceptable real English. Any answer in good English is correct.

  You must put one and only one word in each blank. More than one word is an error. Putting nothing in blank is also an error.

  +++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  1. I need absolute quiet while I am _____sitting______ for exams.

  2. My best friend is ______an______ economist. He has worked for the Bank of China ______since_______his graduation in 1992.

  3. I ______was______ born in Zhengzhou but I __grew_______ up in Shanghai.

  4. _____similar to______ most Chinese. I am not very fond of cheese.

  5. It was very __kind______ of you to help them.

  6. Who knows when John will come back? He never __told______ us his travel plans. He’s already ____went______ away for three months.

  7. When ice is near__ to a __substance_____above zero degrees Celsius, it _turned_ into water.

  8. We really don’t have __enough___ money to eat in that restaurant today.____therefore____ eat in this cheaper one today, all right?

  9. John played tennis yesterday, but he wasn’t very good _____at_______ it because he _____had____ never played the game before.

  10. The fellow who lives ____next____ door is a secondary-school teacher, and the woman __in__the hall is a lab technician.

  11. I managed to get to work on time this morning __despite_____ the terrible traffic.

  12. Everybody knows that there are far _more___ private cars in Guiyang than in Guangzhou .

  13. We can’t proceed with this project ___unless____ we get permission from the government.

  14. The 1976 Tangshan earthquake _conduced____ an enormous amount of _loss__.

  15. I need to find the proprietor of this store. Do you ____want_______ to know who __suit_it?

  16. When I asked them about their stay in Shanghai, they said they were _missed_____it very much.

  17. There are now ___over______1.2____trillion_______ people in China. If population growth continues at its present ___rate__________, there will be 100 million more Chinese by 2000.

  18. John didn’t _passed__ the qualifying exam the first two times he ___it.

  19. The boy _whose_____ parents were killed in the plane crash has been adopted by one of his uncles.

  20. The experiment was very ___important______. The scientists _insisted____ in doing everything that they had set out to accomplish. When their findings were 6

  _published___ in a major scientific journal, geophysicists from all __over_________ the world contacted them to ask for further _research_______. Six months after the article ____publication____, the government gave them ____an_____award for their research and _____decided________to support the next ___step______ of their work.

  21. As you are not___ aware, the president of our school has just resigned and we ______therefore__need to find a new president as soon as possible. The ____reason___ I am writing you this letter is to ask you to _____act____as the chairman of the search committee.

  22. We __apply_______ to two well-known organizations for funding. Unfortunately, _____neither_____ of them was willing to support our work.

  23. although______ this student is extremely bright, he hasn’t been __entitled______ to get a scholarship yet

  PART 5. Carefully read this article and answer the fifteen questions about its content. In each case write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet. Each answer counts two points.

  You may Not use a dictionary. However, we have provided a short list of difficult words with definitions in order to help you read the text. Read this vocabulary list before you begin the article. an albino: a person whose skin has no coloring and therefore seems unnaturally pale. a cannibal: a human being who eats other human beings.

  a chimpanzee: an intelligent African ape belonging to the species that is biologically

  most closely related to our own.

  a crocodile: a large meat-eating reptile usually found along the banks of rivers and

  swamps in certain hotter parts of the globe; one species of crocodile lives in

  the Yangzi River.

  a crutch: a stick that fits under the arm to help a person who has trouble walking. an epidemic: a disease that affects a large number of people at the same time exotic (adj.); foreign and interestingly unusual.

  at the expense of A: with the result that A loses something

  a gene: a length of DNA that controls the development of a particular characteristic of

  an organism.

  genetics: the study of biological inheritance from generation to generation homogeneous (adj.); all of the same kind.

  latent (adj.): present in an organism but without any effect on it that can be detected. leprosy: a long-lasting disease (very much feared in the past ) in which the victim’s skin

  becomes rough and thick with small, round, hard, whitish marks, and the flesh and nerves are slowly destroyed.

  neurology: the physical study of nerves and the nervous system.

  7

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1997考博英语地大
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