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内蒙古赤峰二中2017届高三上学期第三次月考英语试题

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内蒙古赤峰二中2017届高三上学期第三次月考英语试题

赤峰二中2014级高三上学期第三次月考

英语试题

出题人:马双燕 2016.12.10)

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABC、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

  For the Travel section, writers and editors selected special items to profile from a dozen cities.

  Brussels:Chocolate

  Nearly half the chocolate consumed in the world is eaten in Europe, and Belgium—with average consumption of 14.99 pounds per person a year—certainly covers its fair share. While Brussels, the country’s capital, is home to hundreds of chocolate makers, what makes a visit necessary is the rich heritage of traditional chocolate makers.

  Budapest: Paprika (红辣椒)

  The job of preparing Hungarian paprika was once considered too dangerous for mothers to do. A woman who touched her children upon returning from work risked burning them, so only the elderly and unmarried were allowed the delicate task of separating the skin from the flesh. But by the early 20th century, sweeter varieties and a machine turned paprika into a common feature of all Hungarian cuisine.

  Lisbon: Tiles (瓷砖) 

  Is there a bluer Country than Portugal? The blue sky and Atlantic Ocean embrace the land. The blue moods of Fado, the dark folk music, form the national soundtrack. And all across Portugal, the typically blue designs of azulejos—ceramic tiles—are spread across churches, castles, palaces, university halls, parks... The result is a beautiful land of Christian saints, Portuguese kings, historical glories, aristocrats at leisure, seascapes and so on.

  Madrid: Guitars

  Walking into one of Madrid’s storied guitar makers’ workshops can feel like stepping into the past. Curly wood shavings, from the palest pine to ebony, fall onto the floor as artisans turn some humble wood into works of art. It’s painstaking work—all done by hand—with classical guitar models and the methods of making them changing little over the last century.

1. What does the job of preparing Hungarian paprika suggest?

   A. The popularity of Hungarian peppers.

   B. The difficulty of processing peppers.

   C. The unique tradition in Budapest.

   D. The hot level of Hungarian peppers.

2. Which city can be a splendid setting for a film?

   A. Brussels.     B. Budapest    C. Lisbon     D. Madrid.

3. What’s the similarity of the four items?

   A. They’re all treasures of a city.

   B. They all date back to several centuries.

   C. Their production processes are all painstaking.

   D. They all win popularity in most European countries.

 

B

  Harper Lee, whose 1961 novel To Kill a Mockingbird on the racial troubles of the American deep south, has died at the age of 89.

  Until last year, Lee had been something of a one-book literary legend. To kill a Mockingbird sold more than 40 million copies around the world and earned her a Pulitzer prize, remaining a towering presence in American literature. Another novel, Go Set A Watchman, was controversially published in July 2015 as a “sequel” to Mockingbird, though it was later confirmed to be Mockingbird’s first draft.

  But from the moment Mockingbird was published to almost instant success, the author consistently avoided public attention. Lee had lived for several years in a nursing home near the house in which she had grown up in Monroeville, Alabama—the setting for Maycomb of her famous book. Her neighbor for 40 years, Sue Sellers, said, “She was such a private person. All she wanted was privacy, but she didn’t get much. There was always somebody following her around.”

  James Naughtie, BBC Books Editor, commented on the novels of Harper Lee: “I think she stands, particularly among American readers, as someone who shone a light into a very dark place. She was writing at a time when people were beginning to lift the lid on everything in the South which they’d chosen not to understand. That all changed in the 1960s. So I think her status for writing that book in its extraordinarily direct way will remain.

4. What does the underlined part in Paragraph2 probably mean?

   A. Lee became successful with stories on American south.

   B. People owe Lee’s success to luck to some degree.

   C. Mockingbird makes Lee a wonder in American literature.

   D. Mockingbird was a bestseller by selling 40 million copies.

5. What does “Maycomb” in Paragraph3 probably refer to?

   A. A nursing home.    B. Lee’s hometown.    C. A fiction place    D. A main character

6. Which best describes Americans’ attitude towards racial troubles before the 1960s?

   A. Tolerant        B. Unconcerned        C. Sympathetic       D. Dissatisfied

7. What can we learn from the text?

   A. Lee based all her stories on her life.

   B. Lee had to avoid being followed by her fans.

   C. Lee wrote Go Set A Watchman before Mockingbird.

   D. Lee lived in the house where she grew up for the whole life.

 

C

  It is bad to have food stuck between your teeth for long periods of time. This is because food attracts germs; germs produce acid, and acid hurts your teeth and gums. Flossing (使用牙线) helps to remove the food that gets stuck between your teeth. This explains why flossing helps to keep your mouth healthy, but some doctors say that flossing can also be good for your heart.

  It may seem strange that something you do for your teeth can have any effect on your heart. Doctors have come up with a few ideas about how flossing works to keep your heart healthy. One idea is that the germs that hurt your teeth can leave the mouth and travel into your blood.Germs that get into the blood can then attack your heart. Another idea is based on the fact that when there are too many germs in your mouth, the body tries to fight against there germs. For some reason, the way the body fights these mouth germs may end up weakening the heart overtime.

  Not every doctor agrees about these ideas. Some doctors think that the link between good flossing habits and good heart health is only a coincidence. The incidence (发生率) of two or more events is completely random, as they do not admit of any reliable cause and effect relationship between them. For example, every time I wash my car, it rains. This does not mean that when I wash my car, I somehow change the weather. This is only a coincidence. Similarly, some doctors think that people who have bad flossing habits just happen to also have heart problems, and people who have good flossing habits just happen to have healthy hearts.

  The theory that flossing your teeth helps to keep your heart healthy might not be true. But every doctor agrees that flossing is a great way to keep your teeth healthy. So even if flossing does not help your heart, it is true to help your teeth. This is enough of a reason for everyone to floss their teeth every day.

8. From the passage, we know that __________.

  A. food stuck between your teeth may hurt your teeth.

  B. all of the doctors agree that flossing is good for your heart.

  C. doctors’ judgment about flossing is based on medical research.

  D. not every doctor thinks flossing helps to keep your teeth healthy.

9. The underlined sentence in Paragraph3 is to _________.

  A. provide an example

  B. make a comparison

  C. introduce a new topic

  D. develop the previous statement

10. Which of the following best states the main idea of the last paragraph?

  A. It is a fact that flossing can help your heart as well as your teeth.

  B. There is no good reason to believe that flossing will help your heart.

  C. Because doctors find flossing won’t help your heart, it is useless to floss.

  D. Even if flossing is only good for your teeth, you should still do it every day.

11. Which is the best title for the passage?

  A. Flossing by Coincidence.

  B. How to Keep Your Teeth Healthy

  C. Flossing Habits and Healthy Hearts

  D. Why Doctors Disagree About Flossing

D

  It is not only praise or punishment that determines a child’s level of confidence. There are some other important ways we shape our kids—particularly by giving instructions and commands in a negative or positive choice of words. For example, we can say to a child “Don’t run into traffic!” or “Stay on the footpath close to me.” In using the latter, you will be helping your kids to think and act positively, and to feel competent in a wide range of situations, because they know what to do, and aren’t scaring themselves about what not to do.

  Why does such a small thing make a difference? It is all in the way the human mind works. What we think, we automatically rehearse. For example, if someone offered you a million dollars not to think of a blue monkey for two minutes, you wouldn’t be able to do it. When a child is told “Don’t fall off the tree,” he will think of two things: “don’t” and “fall off the tree”. That is, he will automatically create the picture of falling off the tree in his mind. A child who is vividly imagining falling off the tree is much more likely to fall off. So it is far better to use “Hold on to the tree carefully.”

  Clear, positive instructions help kids to understand the right way to do things. Kids do not always know how to be safe, or how to react to the warning of the danger in negative words. So parents should make their commands positive. “Sam, hold on firm to the side of the boat” is much more useful than “Don’t you dare to fall out of the boat?” or worse still “How do you think I’ll feel if you drown?” The changes are small but difference is obvious.

  Children learn how to guide and organize themselves from the way we guide them with our words, so it pays to be positive.

12. Positive choice of words helps kids to _________.

  A. do things carefully

  B. build up their confidence

  C. improve their imagination

  D. learn in different situation

13. What can we infer from Paragraph2?

  A. A child will act on what is instructed.

  B. One can’t help imagining what is heard.

  C. A child will fall off the tree when told not to.

  D. One won’t think of a blue monkey when given money.

14. Which of the following commands helps kids to be safe?

  A. Fasten your seat belt.

  B. Don’t play by the lake.

  C. How do you think I’ll feel if you get hurt?

  D. Don’t you dare to walk through the red light.

15. The main idea of the passage is that _________.

  A. praise makes kids confident

  B. right instructions keep kids safe

  C. clear commands make kids different

  D. choice of words can make a difference

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  For many people, history classes are seen as no more than requirements for getting degrees in chemistry, biology, business, marketing, etc.   16  Below are a few reasons why it’s vital that today’s people continue to learn about the past.

  Understanding where people come from plays a key role in understanding who they are.  17  For this reason, it’s extremely important to learn history in order to understand why people are the way that they are.

  Through history classes, you can experience a shift (改革) in the way you think.   18  It’s important to developing minds to be able to consider problems from different angles. Finally, this shift can improve your ability to analyze and understand situations, to make educated decisions and to learn how to weigh the consequences related to each choice before you.                   

    19  The idea that history repeats itself is rooted in truth. From wars to fashion to political trends, historians are often able to make predictions about the future based upon the past. By having a deep understanding of what happened in the past, today’s people can better prepare for brighter futures by making the right decisions—instead of repeating old mistakes.

  Many people may not believe that a degree in history can lead to a well-paying job. In fact, students who graduate with degrees in history can become lawyers, business owners, think tank members, educators, leaders in historical organizations writers and so on.   20  .

A. Whichever you take, it can provide a comfortable life.

B. Learning about history can change how you think.

C. That means you look at things from a new point of view.

D. Learning from the past prevents future mistakes.

E. The key to enjoying the study of history is to find classes that interest you.

F. But the truth is that studying history is a wonderful way to prepare for a successful future.

G. History has shaped cultures, attitudes and social structures; it has shaped the world and its  citizens.

第二部分:完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Rolling, dark clouds covered much of the sky. The warm wind suddenly became cold and picked up wildly, sending some dead leaves flying   21  across the sky. A few drops of rain mixed with ice began to fall, then into heavy   22  .

  Doug, my older brother, and I first rode the bus to a bus stop. Then we   23  off and began our long walk home. The wind was   24  the snow around us like a huge blanket, making it   25  to see clearly. The only sounds we heard were the   26  of the wind as well as the crunch of our footsteps on the snow. Slowly but   27  , my brother and I were  28  to death. Looking to my left, I saw a pine tree and squatted down.

  “What are you doing here, Bud? Come on!” said Doug, “ There’s no  29  behind this little tree. If we rest here, we will die from the freeze.”

  “You go on, and I’ll  30  soon.” I replied.

  Doug was   31   for a moment. Then he spoke, “Bud, do you remember the four pine trees at the side of the road?   32  we get there, we can rest a while and get warm. You just stick your hand down the back of my   33  , keep your head down and hold on.”

  As we struggled through the snow, my hand  34  from my brother’s belt and I fell to my knees.

  “Where are the trees?” I said, as the snow  35  up around me like a feather bed. Once again, Doug pulled me to my feet.

  “Just a few more  36  and we’ll be home and warm,” he said.

  As the darkness closed around us, we approached home,   37  . I only heard a worried shouting not in the distance. Then someone took my hand and  38  me into a warm, bright light. And then I survived.

  Now, I still think about the lesson learned from our winter  39  story: Never  40  , no matter what will happen.

21. A. slowly

B. gently

C. peacefully

D. fiercely

22. A. snow

B. storm

C. smog

D. fog

23. A. came

B. broke

C. showed

D. got

24. A. melting

B. rolling

C. polluting

D. clearing

25. A. difficult

B. simple

C. available

D. likely

26. A. call

B. shout

C. tone

D. whistle

27. A. surely

B. carefully

C. secretly

D. hardly

28. A. scaring

B. freezing

C. fighting

D. starving

29. A. attraction

B. recreation

C. protection

D. radiation

30. A. catch up

B. fall behind

C. look on

D. hang around

31. A. brave

B.silent

C. proud

D. confident

32. A. Before

B. Unless

C. Although

D. When

33.A. dress

B. boot

C. belt

D. coat

34. A. slipped

B. broke

C. separated

D. shook

35. A. went

B. cleared

C. mixed

D. folded

36. A. stops

B. steps

C. miles

D. blocks

37. A. discouraged

B. dynamic

C. unconscious

D. enthusiastic

38. A. persuaded

B. followed

C. forced

D. pulled

39. A. survival

B. travel

C. exploration

D. research

40. A. hold on

B. took off

C. give up

D. set aside

 

 

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  The First World War postcard has  41   (final) been sent after many years. It is a very old postcard. This postcard was from a 19-year old soldier, Alfred, during the First World War. He   42   (write) this postcard and sent it to his lovely sister Nell   43   January 1916. The postcard is dated 1916 and   44   is a cartoon picture of a new solider on the front.

  Alfred has written to his sister, “Dear Nell, just   45   postcard to let you know I have not forgotten you. On the other side you will see our orders for next week. I will need your pity. Write to me, your brother Alfred.” Sadly, Alfred   46   (kill) in a flight in 1918 before the card arrived.   47   (year) later, his sister died in 1964.

  The postcard is marked 1916 and again September 2010 when it was stamped to arrive. But the postman couldn’t find the   48   (receive) any more. The post office said it was out of the question that the card was with   49   (they) all the time. They regularly cleaned out their offices and post boxes. The   50   (postcard) history for the last 94 years is still a mystery.

第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35

短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改: 在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  This morning on my way to school I was deep moved by what I saw outside a bank. An old man was counting his money in the front of the bank. Suddenly a young man came running and knocked him down. To make things bad, his money was flying in all direction. In no time the people around rush to pick the money up while the old man stood there, not know what to do. Surprisingly, everyone gave back the money they had just picked up. The old man counted the money again and found that not a single bill was missed. To my great joy, there are now a lot nice people in your life. It’s true what honesty is more important than money!

 

第二节   书面表达(满分25分)

  为了使我们的校园更美好。作为学生会主席的你,向全校学生倡议要形成环保意识,让同学们明白保护环境是我们中学生应尽的责任。请根据下面内容写一份倡议书,要点如下:

  1. 节电、节水;

  2. 采用公共交通方式;

3. 不乱扔垃圾,拒绝使用一次性筷子及塑料袋,支持“光盘行动”。

注意:

  1. 次数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:一次性筷子once-off chopsticks ; 光盘行动 “clear your plate” campaign

 

Dear friends,

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Thank you!


阅读理解1---5 DCACC 6---10 BCADD 11---15 CBBAD   16---20 FGCDA

完形填空

21---25 DADBA    26---30 DABCA   31---35 BDCAD   36---40 BCDAC

语篇填空

41. finally        42. wrote    43. in          44. there    45. a     

46. was killed     47. Years     48. receiver     49. them    

50. postcard’s

短文改错

51. deep --- deeply      52. in the front of --- in front of      

53. to make things worse   54. directions    55. rushed     

56. knowing          57. missing    58. a lot of        

59. your --- our         60. what --- that  

写作

Dear friends,

Do you want to live in a beautiful school? If so, we should bear the following in mind.

To begin with, we should turn off the lights and the taps when we don’t use them. Also, we should use public transportation instead of cars and taxis. In addition, don’t throw rubbish around and remember to refuse to use once-off chopsticks and plastic bags. Last but not least, we should be totally for the “clear your plate” campaign. Only in these ways can we make our schoolyard more beautiful.

Let’s take action and make some contributions to the environmental protection.

Thank you!

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